Gum Disease and Women
In a recent study conducted on women’s hormonal changes and its relation to gum disease, the findings revealed that as female hormones fluctuate, their oral health condition changes. Hormonal changes in women generally occur in different phases, including puberty, menstruation, pregnancy and menopause.
With an increased level of hormones during puberty, blood circulation to gum tissue is also increased. This may cause gum sensitivity, leading to higher levels of irritation to food particles, plaque and tartar buildup. During this phase, gums may become tender, red, or even swollen.
Some women may report experiencing menstruation gingivitis during their monthly cycles. Symptoms of menstruation gingivitis include bleeding gums, swollen gums, or even sores inside the mouth. Menstruation gingivitis occurs prior to a woman’s monthly cycle and will be present until the start of her period.
Studies have indicated that pregnancy may be an additional risk factor for periodontal disease. Women who suffer from periodontal disease while pregnant may deliver pre-term or newborns who weigh less than normal. Pregnant women with periodontal disease are urged to see their dentist since any infection, including periodontal disease, can pose a risk to the unborn child.
Menopausal women may experience discomfort in their mouth, including dry mouth, sensations of pain in the gum tissue, altered tastes to salt, pepper, or even sourness. Menopausal gingivostomatitis can cause gum tissue to appear dry or shiny and may bleed easily. Estrogen supplements may help relieve symptoms associated with gingivostomatitis.
Contact our expert in periodontics in Los Angeles to learn more about periodontal disease.