Gum Disease Risk Factors
Although the primary cause of periodontal disease is plaque, other factors can affect gum health and increase the risk of developing gum disease.
Studies suggest that older individuals tend to develop periodontal disease. Over 75 percent of Americans 65 and older have periodontal disease.
- Tobacco Use
Many health issues result from the use of tobacco such as cancer, lung disease, and heart disease. Those who use tobacco also have an increased risk for developing periodontal disease.
Some individuals have a genetic predisposition to developing gum disease. Despite rigorous oral hygiene habits, the development of periodontal disease may be inevitable. Genetic test may be performed for these individuals in order to provide early intervention.
Hypertension, cancer, and various other health issues have been linked to stress. Not only can stress affect overall health, if can also affect the oral health. Stress has been known to cause periodontal disease. Fighting off infection while stressed is known to be counter intuitive.
Certain medications, such as birth control pills, anti-depressants, and heart medication can affect your oral health. It is important to notify your dental provider of all the medications you are currently taking.
- Tooth Grinding or Clenching
Both clenching and grinding of teeth places excessive force onto supporting tissues of your teeth. This could result in the deterioration of the periodontal tissue.
- Systemic Diseases
Many systemic diseases can interfere with the body’s inflammatory system. Cardiovascular disease, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes are some of these systemic diseases.
- Obesity and Poor Nutrition
Studies have indicated that obesity can increase the risk of developing periodontal disease. A diet lacking essential nutrients can lead to a weaker immune system. Ultimately, weaker immune system is not as efficient in helping the body fight infections.
Contact our periodontist in Los Angeles for more information about gum disease risk factors and how you can prevent the onset of periodontal disease.